Apostille – Authentication and Legalization of Canadian Documents

Published on Friday, April 12, 2013

In 1961, the Hague Conference on Private International Law drafted an international treaty known as the Hague Apostille Convention, or the Apostille treaty.

Under the Hague Convention, signatory countries of this treaty have agreed to recognize public documents issued by other signatory countries, providing those documents are authenticated by the attachment of an internationally recognized form of authentication known as an ” apostille “. An apostille ensures that public documents issued in one signatory country will be recognized as valid or legal in all other signatory countries.

As Canada is not a signatory to the Hague Convention, it is not possible to obtain an apostille on Canadian documents. To be recognized in a foreign country, Canadian documents must be “authenticated and legalized”.  The only difference between the “apostille” process and the Canadian “authentication and legalization” process is that a document that has been apostilled will be recognized by all countries that are signatories to the Hague Apostille Convention. In contrast, a Canadian document that has been authenticated and legalized will only be recognized by the specific country that has legalized the document.

For more information on the authentication and legalization process in Canada take a look at our useful article – What is authentication and legalization?

International Documents Canada (IDC) is the expert in Canadian document authentication and legalization. We can help you with the process and make sure it is done right!

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